• MLA Style Guide

     

    Book with One Author

     

    Silverstein, Herma. Threads of Evidence; Using Forensic Science to Solve Crimes. New York: Holt, 1996.

     

    Book with Two or Three Authors

     

    Biggar, Bill and Joe Myers. Danger Zones; What Parents Should Know about the Internet. Kansas City: Andrews and McMeel, 1996.

     

    Book with Four or More Authors

     

    Bisaccio, Dan, et al. Biological Diversity in the El Eden Preserve. Boston: Thomas & Sons, 2004.

    Book with an Editor (ed.) or Compiler(comp.)

     

    Mandelbaum, Paul, ed. First Words: Earliest Writing from Favorite Contemporary Authors. Chapel Hill: Algonquin, 1993.

    Gordon, Ruth, comp. Pierced by a Ray of Sun; Poems about the Times We Feel Alone. New York: HarperCollins, 1995.

     

    Book or Pamphlet with Corporate Author

     

    Time-Life, Inc. This Fabulous Century: 1950-1960. New York: Time, 1970.

    Centers for Disease Control. Tobacco. Washington: GPO, 1999.

     

    Newspaper article – print format

                

     

    Knickerbocker, Brad. “Sorting Through a School Tragedy.”Christian Science Monitor 22 April 1999: 1+.

     

    Magazine or Journal article – print format     

                 

     

    Smith, Jane. “Computers: Where are the Real Bargains?”Consumer Reports  Dec. 1999: 54-58.

    Ryan, Katy. “Revolutionary Suicide in Toni Morrison’s Fiction.”African American Review 34 (2000): 389-412.

    Article in Print Collection   (e.g. Opposing Viewpoints, Current Controversies)

     

    White, Lawrence. “Campus Speech Codes Do Not Violate Free Speech.” Censorship. Opposing Viewpoints. San Diego: Greenhaven, 1997: 93-97.

    Hepburn, Mary A. “Television Violence May Cause Youth Violence.” Youth Violence. Current Controversies. San Diego: Greenhaven, 1998: 91-94.

     

    Reference Book — familiar with frequent, new editions

     

    Conger, Clement Ellis. “White House.” The World Book Encyclopedia. 2004 ed.

    “National Park System.” World Almanac and Book of Facts. 2004 ed.

    Weis, Elizabeth, et al. “Motion Pictures.” The New Encyclopaedia Britannica. 15th ed. 1998.

    “Ozawa, Seiji.” Current Biography Yearbook. 1998 ed.

     

    Reference Book — specialized, with single or infrequent new editions

     

    “Anne Sexton.” Encyclopedia of World Biography. 2nd ed. Detroit: Gale, 2002.

    "Italians." American Immigrant Cultures: Builders of a Nation. Vol. 1. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1997: 475-483.

    Hammond Atlas of the World. 2nd ed. Maplewood, NJ: Hammond, 1999: 188-9.

    “A Bell for Adano.” Masterplots. Vol. 1. Englewood Cliffs: Salem, 1976.

     

    Literary Work                   

    in a Collection (essay, trans. story, play, poem)

     

    Chaucer, Geoffrey. “The Knight’s Tale.” The Portable Chaucer. Trans. and Ed. Theodore Morrison. New York: Viking, 1977: 76-123.

    Shakespeare, William. “Twelfth Night.” Shakespeare: The Complete Works. Ed. G.B. Harrison. New York: Harcourt, 1968: 850-879.

    Online Database        

                 EBSCOhost
     





    History Resource Center




    Newsbank



     
    SIRS


     Encyclopedia Britannica Online



    AP Photo Archive


    Opposing
    Viewpoints







     

    Knickerbocker, Brad. “Sorting Through a School Tragedy.”Christian Science Monitor 22 April 1999: 1+. EBSCOhost. Souhegan High School Library, Amherst, NH. 10 Nov. 2001. < http://search.epnet.com>.

    "Mexican Americans." History Resource Center: US. Souhegan High School Library, Amherst, NH. 23 Sept. 2002. <http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/HistRC/>.

    Perrin, Marlene J. “Single Book Gets City Reading, Talking.”Cedar Rapids Gazette 25 Nov. 2001: 1B. NewsBank. Souhegan High School Library, Amherst, NH. 4 Dec. 2001 <http://infoweb.newsbank.com>.

    Wilson, Ted. “How to Feed the World.” Christian Science Monitor22 Apr. 1999: 3-4. SIRS. Souhegan High School Library, Amherst, NH. 13 Sept. 2002 <http://sks.sirs. com>.

    “Cisneros, Sandra.” Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Souhegan High School Library, Amherst, NH. 25 Oct. 2004 . <http://school.eb.com>.

    “Atomic Bomb Nagasaki.” Photograph. 9 Aug. 1945. AccuNet/AP Multimedia Archive. Souhegan High School Library, Amherst, NH. 5 Dec. 2001 <http://ap.accuweather.com>.

    “A Clone Can Exist with Full Human Dignity.” Opposing Viewpoints. Souhegan High School Library, Amherst, NH. 9 October 2002. <http://www.galenet.com/servlet/OVRC/>.

     


     

    Websites

     

     

    Peterson, Susan Lynn. The Life of Martin Luther. 1999. 9 Mar. 2001 http://pweb.netcom.com/~supeters/luther.htm.

    National Rifle Association. A Parent’s Guide to Gun Safety. 12 Sept. 2000. 6 May 2003 <http://www. nrahq.org/>.

    The North Atlantic Right Whale. 18 Oct. 2003. Biology Dept., University of New Hampshire. 3 Apr. 2005 http://www.unh.edu/projects/right_whale.htm.

    Boshart, Rod. “GOP Candidates Gear Up for Tonight’s Debate in New Hampshire.” The Union Leader Online. 13 Dec. 1999. 31 Dec. 1999 <http://www.theunionleader.com>.

     

    CD-ROM Resources

     

    “The Media and Vietnam.” American Decades. CD-ROM. Detroit: Gale, 1998.                        

    Melina, Lois Ruskai. “Adoption.” Encyclopedia Americana 1998. Danbury: Grolier, 1998.

    “Bronte, Emily.” DISCovering Authors. CD-ROM. Detroit: Gale, 1999.

     

    Letter to the Editor /Editorial

     

    Sharma, Ratnesh K. Letter. Discover Feb. 1999: 12.

    Love, Robert. “Praise for Clinton.” Editorial. Rolling Stone 5 Aug. 1999: 7.

     

    Interview     Telephone                                  Phone

                  Personal

     

    Kennedy, Edward. Telephone interview. 23 Nov. 1999.

    Houlihan, Ted. Personal interview. 15 Feb. 2004.

     

    Email Message

     

    Young, John. “Off-Campus Privileges.” E-mail to the author. 1 Sept. 2005.

     

    (Note: The author is you, the writer of the paper. In this example, John Young sent an email to you, and you’re using information from that email in your paper.)

    Letter or FAX

     

    Slocum, Lee. Letter to the author. 12 Nov. 2005.

     

    (Note: The author is you, the writer of the paper. In this example, Lee Slocum sent a letter to you, and you’re using information from that letter in your paper.)

     

    Television or Radio Program

     

    “Deep Jungle: Monsters of the Forest.” Nature. Prod. Gene Gordon. Narr. Paul Christie. PBS. WGBH, Boston. 19 Sept. 2005.

     

    Lecture, Speech, or Address

     

    Brockhurst, John. “Slavery and Astronomy.”  Hayden Planetarium, Boston. 19 May 2004.

    Film or Video

    Napoleon Dynamite. Dir. Jared Hess. Perf. Jon Heder, Efren Ramirez, Jon Gries, Haylie Duff, Tina Majorino, and Diedrich Bader. Fox, 2004.

    To Kill a Mockingbird. Dir. Robert Mulligan. Perf. Gregory Peck and Robert Duvall. Twentieth Century Fox, 1962.

     

    Recording

    (CD, Audio-cassette, LP)

     

    Chapman, Tracy. “Paper and Ink.” Telling Stories. Elektra, 2000.

    Dylan, Bob. “Blowin’ in the Wind.” Forrest Gump: The Soundtrack. Perf. Joan Baez. Sony, 1994.

    Musical Composition

    Chopin, Frederic. Waltz in A-flat Major, op. 42.

    Work of Art

    Cropsey, Jasper Francis. An Indian Summer Morning in the White Mountains. Currier Museum of Art, Manchester, NH.

     

    Online Images

    “Black Bear in Tree.” Bears and You in the North Cascades. National Park Service. 11 Sept. 2002. 28 Sept. 2005. <http://www.nps.gov/noca/bear.htm >.

     

    Online Audio Clips

     

    “Neil Armstrong’s Reactions to 1969 Moon Walk.” NASA Spacelink. NASA. 1 Mar. 1999. 12 Jan. 2003. <http://town.hall.org/radio/IMS/NASA/100394_nasa_01_ITR.au>.

     

    Online Video Clips

     

    “Hurricane Victims on Rooftop.” CNN.com. Cable News Network. 30 Aug. 2005. 15 Sept. 2005. <http://www.cnn.com/video_archives/Katrina_2005/new_orleans/clip1.html>.

     



    General Tips:

    • Entries are in alphabetical order.
    • Double-space the entire page. Do not double-double between entries.
    • The first line of each entry begins at the left margin. The second line (if needed) is indented five spaces.
    • Italics may be used rather than underlining if the italic font is clearly distinguishable from the non-italicized.
    • Capitalize every important word in a title, regardless of the style used in the original article.
    • Months are abbreviated to the first three letters, except May, June, July, and Sept.
    • In reference books, only include volume and page numbers if the articles are not arranged alphabetically.
    • In citing two or more sources by the same person, give the name in the first entry only. For the subsequent entries, type three hyphens, add a period, skip two spaces (---.  ), then give the title.
    •  If you use a source not listed here, consult the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers—5thedition (Ref 808.02 Gib), or ask a librarian or teacher.

     

     

     

     

     

     

    In-text citations:

     

    • This is exactly how an in-text citation sourcing a quote from p.65 of a work by an author named Weis would look within the body of your paper:

     

       “...the cat meowed” (Weis 65).

     

     

    • When there is no page number – for example, from an internet source – your teacher will direct you to cite the author only, or to cite the author and paragraph number:

        “...the cat meowed” (Weis).

     

    or

     

        “...the cat meowed” (Weis, par. 6).

     

     

    • When there is no author – for example, from an internet source – cite the first few words of the title of the source:

        “...the cat meowed” (Feral Cats).

     

     

     

     

    Sample “Works Cited” Page

     

    (*Note: If you are doing research for a project that does not require a written paper, this document will be titled “Bibliography”.)

     

     

                                                 

    Works Cited

     

    Biggar, Bill and Joe Myers. Danger Zones; What Parents Should Know about the Internet. Kansas City: Andrews and McMeel, 1999.

    “Cloning: an Identity Crisis.” Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Souhegan High School Library, Amherst, NH. 20 Nov. 2001. <http://www .galenet.com/OVRC/>.

    Conger, Clement Ellis. “White House.” The World Book Encyclopedia. 2004 ed.

    Knickerbocker, Brad. “Sorting Through a School Tragedy.” Christian Science Monitor 22 April 1999: 1+.EBSCOhost. Souhegan High School Library, Amherst, NH. 10 Nov. 1999 < http:// search.epnet.com>.

    Napoleon Dynamite. Dir. Jared Hess. Perf. Jon Heder, Efren Ramirez, Jon Gries, Haylie Duff, Tina Majorino, and Diedrich Bader. Fox, 2004.

    Peterson, Susan Lynn. The Life of Martin Luther. 1999. 9 Mar. 2001 http://pweb.netcom.com/~supeters/luther.htm.

    Scully, Rob. Personal interview. 15 Oct. 2002.

    Young, John. “Off-Campus Privileges.” E-mail to the author. 1 Sept. 2005